(the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its ayên is to lớn ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.

Bạn đang xem: Endangered species là gì was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of IUCN (The World Conservation Union). The text of the Convention was finally agreed at a meeting of representatives of 80 countries in Washington, D.C., United States of America, on 3 March 1973, & on 1 July 1975 entered in force. The original of the Convention was deposited with the Depositary Government in the English, French and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic. The Convention is also available in Chinese and Russian.

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Widespread information about the endangered status of many prominent species, such as the tiger & elephants, might make the need for such a convention seem obvious. But at the time when the ideas for were first formed, in the 1960s, international discussion of the regulation of wildlife trade for conservation purposes was something relatively new. With hindsight, the need for is clear. Annually, international wildlife trade is estimated lớn be worth billions of dollars và lớn include hundreds of millions of plant and animal specimens. The trade is diverse, ranging from live sầu animals và plants khổng lồ a vast array of wildlife products derived from them, including food products, exotic leather goods, wooden musical instruments, timber, tourist curios và medicines. Levels of exploitation of some animal và plant species are high & the trade in them, together with other factors, such as habitat loss, is capable of heavily depleting their populations and even bringing some species close khổng lồ extinction. Many wildlife species in trade are not endangered, but the existence of an agreement lớn ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safeguard these resources for the future.

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Because the trade in wild animals và plants crosses borders between countries, the effort lớn regulate it requires international cooperation to safeguard certain species from over-exploitation. was conceived in the spirit of such cooperation. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection khổng lồ more than 37,000 species of animals và plants, whether they are traded as live sầu specimens, fur coats or dried herbs. is an international agreement khổng lồ which States & regional economic integration organizations adhere voluntarily. States that have agreed khổng lồ be bound by the Convention ("joined" are known as Parties. Although is legally binding on the Parties – in other words they have sầu lớn implement the Convention – it does not take the place of national laws. Rather it provides a framework khổng lồ be respected by each Party, which has to lớn adopt its own domestic legislation khổng lồ ensure that is implemented at the national level.

For many years has been among the conservation agreements with the largest membership, with now 183 Parties.